EISAP promises to be home to Europe's most innovative, circular, and sustainable agro-park. The concept centers around a 1500 ha regenerative industrial park and nearby oil-shale power plant in eastern Estonia. It aims to develop a net-zero pathway and significantly boost efforts to move away from a heavily fossil-fuel reliant economy. This development will preserve and revitalize the local environment and provide an important engine for regional hi-tech development and economic growth.

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EISAP: a Leader in Sustainability

In August 2021, Except Integrated Sustainability and Ida-Virumaa Industrial Areas (IVIA) revealed the EISAP concept master plan, outlining the ambitious but achievable goal of an ecologically-driven, fully sustainable 1500ha industrial agro-park. Located in eastern Estonia's Ida-Viru county, the project collaborates closely with government bodies.

EISAP aims to make considerable contributions to:

  • Reduce industrial contributions to emissions
  • Meet EU climate targets for 2030
  • Reach Estonia's goal of 80% CO2 reduction
  • Drive regional jobs growth
  • Minimize the migration of the local workforce
  • Increase and diversify local food production

This concept creates an inspirational and attractive place for sustainable-minded businesses, manufacturing, and logistic companies to come together and enhance Ida-Viru county's environment and resilience.

Industrial Symbiosis in Action

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Industrial symbiosis is when like-minded businesses and manufacturers collaborate toward closing resource loops, reducing emissions and energy use, and creating eco-friendly solutions and alternative revenue streams.

EISAP leads the way with systemic and scalable solutions by applying industrial symbiosis, a practice that upgrades business culture to become more sustainably minded and focused on protecting and enhancing environments. By offering services such as reusing waste or by-products of industry, agro-park's create significant savings in energy, water, and other resources without impacting the ability to make a profit.

The oil-shale extraction site and power plant adjacent to EISAP ensure this efficient closed-loop and circular resource flow and provide a nearby, reliable, and sustainable energy supply.

Additionally, EISAP will utilize smart energy grids, circular economy principles, waste stream, and repurpose emerging food production and innovative growing techniques to create an even greater impact on reducing industrial emissions and wastage.

EISAP Design Principles

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EISAP is a fully integrated and regenerative industrial agro-park that ensures that jobs, businesses, energy and water use, and wildlife conservation are sustainable.

EISAP follows holistic and sustainable design principles to reveal and develop bold solutions to issues specific to the site’s geographic characteristics and the region’s social and economic possibilities.

Located among vast vegetated areas, including Estonia’s most extensive wetlands, the project introduces interventions that rectify the power plant’s impact and improve the area’s ecological value and biodiversity.

Heat, Energy and CO2 Networks

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EISAP is industrial symbiosis at scale, including a range of agro-food and hi-tech greenhouses that utilize waste CO₂ and heat from the adjacent power station.

The adjacent power plant supplies the park with its base power. In addition to this supply, there will also be a large solar park to generate as much renewable energy as possible, helping to reduce the carbon footprint of the agro-park.

In producing power, the plant also generates and usually releases excessive and unused steam. The EISAP agro-park will contain and reuse this waste and supply industries that require heat in their production. These businesses will be closer to the power plant to optimize production and minimize heat loss.

The agro-park also sequesters and reuses the plant's carbon emissions, improving its footprint, sustainability, and Estonia's overall environmental impact. Similar to the previously mentioned steam reuse, EISAP locates industries requiring high amounts of CO2 closer to the power plant, ensuring a reliable quantity and supply.

Waterways at EISAP

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Water plays a significant role at EISAP, not only to help purify river water for use in production and throughout the park but as a vital space to ensure wildlife flourishes.

One of the more challenging aspects of EISAP's site were the three 15-meter deep trenches that were leftover from oil shale mining. The argo-park will utilize these features as channels, to help store, direct and treat river water for distribution across the site. An outlet system and site treatment plant will collect and clean agro-park wastewater for reuse in the adjacent power plant while another area houses industrial-scale aquaculture and fish ponds.

Ecological Preservation

Enhancing biodiversity, ecological health, and environmental resilience is a core pillar of EISAP. This goal is only made possible by systemic design of the entire park, including buildings and green space, and setting aside large areas dedicated to preservation.

The main ecological corridors align with the extensive water network to help support all types of vegetation, insects, and animals but also minimize road crossings and disturbances to wildlife.

To the west of the plot lie two large areas set aside for wetlands. This retains and supports the existence of the original local habitat that provides EISAP with ecosystems services, helping to remove pollutants and improve the quality of the water supply.

Logistics and Office Infrastructure

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EISAP plans for a crucial logistic area, where both road infrastructure and the existing railway facilitate the mobility of people and goods. Integrating the eco-corridors, offices and other support services, recreational sites, university facilities and more represent a welcoming atmosphere to EISAP while providing inspiring working environments.

Agricultural Elements

Productive greenhouses, ranging in size, design, and function, cover almost 50% of the entire EISAP site, and almost the entire west plot is dedicated to agroforestry and silvopasture - a mix of forestry and grazing. To embed the park in the local ecosystem, freshwater aquaculture is integrated within and takes various forms, such as running water culture and static water ponds.

Jeroen Van der Vlist
by Jeroen van der Vlist
Chief Operations Officer (COO)

Dec. 22, 2021

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